3rd Year


The field trip to Spain is a broad-ranging introduction to the geology and tectonics of Almeria, south-east Spain. Fieldwork will be in the basins, mountains and coastal outcrops within about 60 km of the town of Carboneras. This region preserves a fabulous array of geology, mainly relating to the past 20-30 Ma, during which the Betic mountain range formed, collapsed and was then exhumed; a volcanic arc was active, and then burnt out; and a series of basins adjoining the Mediterranean sea formed, filled with clastic sediments and carbonates, and then dried out. This is a valuable synoptic field trip – with something for everyone, irrespective of specialization – and it makes an interesting contrast to the second-year Wessex Basin field trip.