My research interest is in sedimentary basins. I’m particularly interested in the extent to which the preserved portions of the geological record are representative of the full sequence of geological events and depositional conditions. The sedimentary record is rarely, if ever, a continuous and compete archive of events that can be read as a time series, but neither is it always so riddled with gaps that it is uninterpretable. To what extent are its biases understandable or predictable?
- Major biases are provided by variations in preservation potential of individual depositional events and between depositional sub-environments. A spectacular example of differential preservation is provided by thick, monotonous, Precambrian sandstone successions. Thsese are characteristic of the Neoproterozoic. These sandstones are homogeneous both in lithology and facies. It is generally agreed that non-vegetated landscapes encouraged the formation of sand-rich systems by virtue of more deflation by wind and less chemcial weathering in soils than at present. Even so, how did Precambrian depositional processes result in a record comprised of such highly fractionated sand /mud systems? The Jura Quartzite in the Neoproterozoic Dalradian Supergroup of Scotland is an extreme example : 5km thickness of clean sandstone. Our works shows that the key to the puzzle is differential preservation potential, with substantial fine sediment bypass leaving a very biased depositional record, consisting exclusively of the deepest erosional sub-environments-in this case tidal channels.
- The glacial sequences of the Port Askaig Formation, also in the Dalradian of SW Scotland, (probalby of Sturtian age), provide another field example of preservation controls, with relavance to our picture of “Snowball Earth”. To what extent do the preserved sediments provide an unbiased record of the conditions on the surface of the planet? (Addtionally, these rocks also bear witness to the onset of the Jura Quartzite sedimentary basin).
- In broader research on the same topic I am interested in the types and frequencies of those specific events that do get preserved, eg storms, floods, channel switches. And the reasons why some of these events get preserved and others do not.
- Other areas of research interest include:
- Using seismic to undertsand the flow of fluids out of sedimentary basins. This is sometimes expressed on seismic data as geometries or as changes in physical properties of the sediments that are detectable geophysically. S. How to recognise and interpret these clues on seismic data is not fully understood and hence they are not widely used predictively. They could be.
- Using seismic to link the onshore and offshore geology of Northern Oman, specifcially the question of the relationship of the overthrust ophiolite nappe to the present day crust in the Gulf of Oman and the post-obduction sedimentary and tectonic history.
- Using seismic and other data to reconstruct the sedimentary evolution of Neoproterozoiz sequences in Zambia. Bringing the techniques of the hydrocarbon exploration industry to Minerals Exploration.
My background is in the Hydrocarbon Industry. I worked for Royal Dutch Shell for 35 years ending up as Chief Scientist Geology, VP of Exploration New Ventures, and VP Emerging Technologies which included leading research into scientific and business ideas for Shell’s new suite of investments in renewable energy.
View Selected Publications
Levell, B.K., Johnson, H.D., Collins, D. S., and Van Capelle, M. 2019 Deposition and preservation of fluvio‐tidal shallow‐marine sandstones: A re‐evaluation of the Neoproterozoic Jura Quartzite (western Scotland), Sedimentology, Early view.
Ali, D.O., Spencer, A.M., Fairchild, I.J., Chew, K. J. Anderton, R., Levell, B.K., Hambrey, M.J., Dove, A. and Le Heron, D.P. 2018 Indicators of relative completeness of the glacial record of the Port Askaig Formation, Garvellach Islands, Scotland. Precambrian Res. 319, 65-78.
Levell,B. K. and Bowman, M., (eds) 2018. The Petroleum Geology of N W Europe
Levell, B.K., Argent, J., Dore, A.G. and Fraser, S. 2010 Passive Margins; overview., 823-835.
Levell, B.K., Richard,P, Hoogendijk, F 2002 A possible Albian impact crater at Murshid Oman
GeoArabia, 7, 721-730
Reading H.G. and B.K. Levell. 1997 and subsequent editions, Chapter 3 Controls on the sedimentary rock record In Reading,H.G.(ed) Sedimentary Environments and Facies. Blackwell Sci, Publ
Veldkamp,J.J, M.G.Gaillard, H.A Jonkers and B.K.Levell 1997. A Kimmeridgian time slice through the Humber Group of the central North Sea: a test of sequence stratigraphic methods. In Hurst, A et al., (eds) Geology of the Humber Group : Central Graben and Moray Firth. Geol. Soc. Lon. Spec. Pub. 114,1-28
Johnson,H.D. and B.K.Levell, 1995, Sedimentology of a transgressive, estuarine sand complex: the Lower Cretaceous Woburn Sands (Lower Greensand) southern England. In Int.Ass.Sedimentol. Spec.Publ. 22, 17-46
Levell,B.K., Leu, W 1993, Stratigraphic basin modelling-recent advances. In Basin modelling: Advances and Applications, NPF Special Publ. 3, 71- 83, Elsevier Amsterdam
Levell, B.K., J.H.Braakman and K.W.Rutten, 1989, Oil-bearing sediments of the Gondwana glaciation in Oman. Am.Ass.Petrol.Geol.Bull. 83
Levell, B.K. 1987, The Nature and significance of regional unconformities in the hydrocarbon-bearing Neogene sequence offshore West Sabah. Geol Soc. Malaysia Bulletin. 20
Levell,B.K. and A. Kasumajaya 1985, Slumping at the late Miocene shelf edge offshore West Sabah: a view of a turbidite basin margin. Geol. Soc. Malaysia Bulletin 18, 1-29.
Braakman,J.H., B.K.Levell,J.H.Martin, T.L.Potter and A van Vliet 1982, Late Palaeozoic Gondwana glaciation in Oman. Nature, 299, 48-50.
Levell.B.K. 1980 A Late Precambrian tidal shelf deposit the Lower Sandfjord Formation, Finnmark North Norway. Sedimentology, 27 539-557
Levell,B.K. 1980 Evidence for currents associated with waves in Late Precambrian shelf deposits from Finnmark, North Norway. Sedimentology 27 153-166.
Johnson,H.D., B.K.Levell and S.Siedlecki (1978) Late Precambrian sedimentary rocks in East Finnmark and their relationship to the Trollfjord-Komagelv Fault. J.Geol. Soc. 135.5 517-533