Barry Parsons

Barry Parsons

Professor of Geodesy and Geophysics; Senior Research Fellow
Tel: +44 (1865) 272017

Research Profile

Geodesy is concerned with the measurement of position and movement of points on the earth’s surface. Its geophysical applications provide insights into many of the processes central to the earth and environmental sciences. Variations in the height of the ocean surface reflects variations in the earth’s gravity field caused by thermally driven motion in the solid mantle, the mechanism that is the basic driving mechanisms for the motion of the plates. Measurements of position and changes in position made with the Global Positioning System shows the patterns of deformation associated with the movement of the continents and mountain building, and help identify the forces causing them. A technique called interferometry that uses satellite radar observations can reveal what happens at depth on fault planes during earthquakes, what is the transient response of the earth following the earthquake, and how strain accumulates between earthquakes. Optical satellite images can also be used also to measure the surface displacements occurring in earthquakes, and to determine high-resolution topography that reveals the long-term effects of earthquake faulting.

I was Director of the Centre for the Observation and Modelling for Earthquakes, Volcanoes and Tectonics (COMET) from 2002 to 2013. This is an Earth Observation Centre of Excellence supported by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) that links scientists at several earth sciences and geomatic engineering departments and brings earth observation (satellite) techniques, like those described above, to bear on questions concerning the science and hazard of earthquakes and volcanoes. I am currently Principal Investigator for a NERC-funded consortium project, Looking inside the Continents from Space (LiCS), which aims to exploit the opportunities to measure crustal strain accurately and in detail presented by the European Space Agency’s Sentinel-1 radar satellites, and hence further our understanding of the earthquake cycle and the way continental lithosphere deforms.

 

  • Ainscoe, E. A., J. R. Elliott, A. Copley, T. J. Craig, T. Li, B. E. Parsons, R. T. Walker (2017).
    Blind thrusting, surface folding, and the development of geological structure in the Mw 6.3 2015 Pishan (China) earthquake, J. Geophys. Res., 122, 9359-9382, doi:10.1002/2017JB014268.
  • Zhou, Y., R. T. Walker, J. Hollingsworth, M. Talebian, X. Song and B. Parsons (2016).
    Coseismic and postseismic displacements from the 1978 Mw 7.3 Tabas-e-Golshan earthquake in eastern Iran, Earth Planet Sci. Lett., 452, 185-196, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2016.07.038.
  • Middleton, T. A., R. T. Walker, B. Parsons, Q. Lei, Y. Zhou and Z. Ren (2016).
    A major, intraplate, normal-faulting earthquake: The 1739 Yinchuan event in northern China, J. Geophys. Res., 121, 293-320, doi:10.1002/2015JB012355.
  • Zhou, Y., J. R. Elliott, R. T. Walker & B. Parsons (2015).
    The 2013 Balochistan earthquake: an extraordinary or completely ordinary event?, Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 6236-6243, doi:10.1002/2015GL065096.
  • Walters, R. J., B. Parsons and T. J. Wright (2014).
    Constraining crustal velocity fields with InSAR for Eastern Turkey: Limits to the block-like behavior of eastern Anatolia, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 5215-5234, doi:10.1002/2013JB010909.
  • Elliott, J. R., A. C. Copley, R. Holley, K. Scharer and B. Parsons (2013).
    The 2011 Mw 7.1 Van (Eastern Turkey) Earthquake, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 1619-1637, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50117.
        1. Ainscoe, E. A., J. R. Elliott, A. Copley, T. J. Craig, T. Li, B. E. Parsons, R. T. Walker (2017).
          Blind thrusting, surface folding, and the development of geological structure in the Mw 6.3 2015 Pishan (China) earthquake, J. Geophys. Res., 122, 9359-9382, doi:10.1002/2017JB014268.
        2. Middleton, T. A., R. T. Walker, D. H. Rood, E. J. Rhodes, B. Parsons, Q. Lei, J. R. Elliott, Z. Ren & Y. Zhou (2016).
          The tectonics of the western Ordos Plateau, Ningxia, China: slip rates on the Luoshan and East Helanshan Faults, Tectonics, 35, 2754-2777, doi:10.1002/2016TC004230.
        3. Zhou, Y., R. T. Walker, J. Hollingsworth, M. Talebian, X. Song and B. Parsons (2016). Coseismic and postseismic displacements from the 1978 Mw 7.3 Tabas-e-Golshan earthquake in eastern Iran, Earth Planet Sci. Lett., 452, 185-196, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2016.07.038.
        4. Mackenzie, D., J. R. Elliott, E. Altunel, R. T. Walker, Y. C. Kurban, J. L. Schwenninger & B. Parsons (2016).
          Seismotectonics and rupture process of the Mw 7.1 2011 Van reverse faulting earthquake, Eastern Turkey, and implications for hazard in regions of distributed shortening, Geophys. J. Int., 206, 501-524, doi:10.1093/gji/ggw158.
        5. Zhou, Y., R. T. Walker, J. R. Elliott and B. Parsons (2016).
          Mapping 3D fault geometry in earthquakes using high-resolution topography: Examples from the 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah (Mexico) and 2013 Balochistan (Pakistan) earthquakes, Geophys. Res. Lett. , 43, 3134-3142, doi:10.1002/2016GL067899.
        6. Nissen, E., J. R. Elliott, R. A. Sloan, T.J. Craig, G. J. Funning, A. Hutke, B. E. Parsons and T. J. Wright (2016). Limitations of rupture forecasting exposed by instantaneously triggered earthquake doublet, Nature Geoscience, 9, 330-336, doi:10.1038/ngeo2653.
        7. Middleton, T. A., R. T. Walker, B. Parsons, Q. Lei, Y. Zhou and Z. Ren (2016). A major, intraplate, normal-faulting earthquake: The 1739 Yinchuan event in northern China, J. Geophys. Res., 121, 293-320, doi:10.1002/2015JB012355.
        8. Zhou, Y., B. Parsons, J. R. Elliott, I. Barisin & R. T. Walker (2015). Assessing the ability of Pleiades stereo imagery to determine height changes in earthquakes: a case study for the El Mayor-Cucapah epicentral area, J. Geophys. Res., 120, 8793-8808, doi:10.1002/2015JB012358.
        9. Zhou, Y., J. R. Elliott, R. T. Walker & B. Parsons (2015).
          The 2013 Balochistan earthquake: an extraordinary or completely ordinary event?, Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 6236-6243, doi:10.1002/2015GL065096.
        10. Moore, J. D. P. and B Parsons (2015).
          Scaling of viscous shear zones with depth-dependent viscosity and power-law stress-strain-rate dependence, Geophys. J. Int., 202, 242-260, doi:10.1093/gji/ggv143.
        11. Barišin, I., A. Hinojosa-Corona and B. Parsons (2015).
          Co-seismic vertical displacements from a single post-seismic lidar DEM: example from the 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake, Geophys. J. Int., 202, 328-346, doi:10.1093/gji/ggv139.
        12. Parks, M. M., Moore, J. D. P., Papanikolaou, X., Biggs, J., Mather, T. A., Pyle, D. M., Raptakis, C., Paradissis, D., Hooper, A., Parsons, B. and Nomikou, P. (2015).
          From quiescence to unrest: 20 years of satellite geodetic measurements at Santorini volcano, Greece. J. Geophys. Res., 120, 1309-1328. doi:10.1002/2014JB011540.
        13. Walters, R. J., B. Parsons and T. J. Wright (2014).
          Constraining crustal velocity fields with InSAR for Eastern Turkey: Limits to the block-like behavior of eastern Anatolia, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 5215-5234, doi:10.1002/2013JB010909.
        14. Funning, G. F., Y. Fukahata, Y. Yagi and B. Parsons (2014).
          A method for the joint inversion of geodetic and seismic waveform data using ABIC: application to the 1997 Manyi, Tibet, earthquake, Geophys. J. Int., 196, 1564-1579, doi:10.1093/gji/ggt406.
        15. Walters, R. J., J. R. Elliott, Z. Li, & B. Parsons (2013).
          Rapid strain accumulation on the Ashkabad fault (Turkmenistan): a robust slip rate estimate from MERIS-corrected InSAR data, Journal Geophysical Research, 118, 3674-3690, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50236.
        16. Elliott, J. R., A. C. Copley, R. Holley, K. Scharer and B. Parsons (2013).
          The 2011 Mw 7.1 Van (Eastern Turkey) Earthquake, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 1619-1637, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50117.
        17. Parks, M. M., J. Biggs, P. England, T. A. Mather, P. Nomikou, K. Palamartchouk, X. Papanikolaou, D. Paradissis, B. Parsons, D. M. Pyle, C. Raptakis and V Zacharis (2012).
          Evolution of Santorini Volcano dominated by episodic and rapid fluxes of melt from depth, Nature Geoscience, 5, 749-754, doi:10.1038/ngeo1562
        18. Elliott, J. R., E. Nissen, P. C. England, J. A. Jackson, S. Lamb, Z. Li, M. Oehlers, and B. E. Parsons (2012).
          Slip in the 2010-2011 Canterbury Earthquakes, New Zealand, J. Geophys. Res., 117, B03401, doi:10.1029/2011JB008868.
        19. Bell, M. A., J. R. Elliott and B. E. Parsons (2011).
          Interseismic strain accumulation across the Manyi Fault (Tibet) prior to the 1997 Mw 7.6 earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L24302, doi:10.1029/2011GL049762.
        20. Elliott, J. R., B. Parsons, J. A. Jackson, X. Shan, R. A. Sloan, and R. T. Walker (2011).
          Depth segmentation of the seismogenic continental crust: The 2008 and 2009 Qaidam earthquakes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L06305, doi:10.1029/2011GL046897.
        21. Li, Z., J. R. Elliott, W. Feng, J. A. Jackson, B. E. Parsons, and R. J. Walters (2011).
          The 2010 Mw 6.8 Yushu (Qinghai, China) earthquake: Constraints provided by InSAR and body wave seismology, J. Geophys. Res., 116, B10302, doi:10.1029/2011JB008358.
        22. Parsons, B. (2011).
          The L’Aquila earthquake, People & Science, p22, Sept 2011.
        23. Walters, R. J., R. J. Holley, B. Parsons and T. J. Wright (2011).
          Interseismic strain accumulation across the North Anatolian Fault from Envisat InSAR measurements, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L05303, doi:10.1029/2010GL046443.
        24. Elliott, J. R., R. J. Walters, P. C. England, J. A. Jackson, Z. Li and B. Parsons (2010). Extension on the Tibetan plateau: recent normal faulting measured by InSAR and body wave seismology, Geophys. J. Int., 183, 503-555, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2010.04754.x.
        25. Floyd, M. A., H. Billiris, D. Paradissis, G. Veis, A. Avallone, P. Briole, S. McClusky, J.-M. Nocquet, K. Palamartchouk, B. Parsons and P. C.England (2010).
          A New Velocity Field for Greece: Implications for the Kinematics and Dynamics of the Aegean, J. Geophys. Res., 115, B10403, doi:10.1029/2009JB007040.
        26. M. Roustaei, E. Nissen, M. Abbassi, A. Gholamzadeh, M. Ghorashi, M. Tatar, F. Yamini-Fard, E. Bergman, J. Jackson, B. Parsons (2010).
          The 2006 March 25 Fin earthquakes (Iran)—insights into the vertical extents of faulting in the Zagros Simply Folded Belt, Geophysical Journal International, 181, 1275–1291, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2010.04601.x
        27. Aktug, B., J. M. Nocquet, A. Cingoz, B. Parsons, Y. Erkan, P. England, O. Lenk, M. A. Gurdal, A. Kilicoglu, H. Akdeniz and A. Tekgul (2009).
          Deformation of western Turkey from a combination of permanent and campaign GPS data: Limits to block-like behavior, J. Geophys. Res., 114, B10404, doi:10.1029/2008JB006000.
        28. Walters, R.J., J. R. Elliott, N. D’Agostino, P. C. England, I. Hunstad, J. A. Jackson, B. Parsons, R. J. Phillips and G. Roberts (2009).
          The 2009 L’Aquila earthquake (central Italy): a source mechanism and implications for seismic hazard, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L17312, doi:10.1029/2009GL039337.
        29. Barišin, I., S. Leprince, B. Parsons and T. Wright (2009).
          Surface displacements in the September 2005 Afar rifting event from satellite image matching: Asymmetric uplift and faulting, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L07301, doi:10.1029/2008GL036431.
        30. Dehghani, M., M.J.V. Zoej, S. Saatchi, J. Biggs, B. Parsons and T. Wright (2009).
          Radar interferometry time series analysis of Mashhad subsidence, J. Indian Soc. Remote Sensing, 37, 147-156, doi:10.1007/s12524-009-0006-x.
        31. Elliott, J. R., J. Biggs, B. Parsons and T. J. Wright (2008).
          InSAR slip rate determination on the Altyn Tagh Fault, northern Tibet, in the presence of topographically correlated atmospheric delays, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L12309, doi:10.1029/2008GL033659, 2008.
        32. Biggs J., T. Wright, Z. Lu, and B.E. Parsons (2007).
          Multi-interferogram method for measuring interseismic deformation: Denali Fault, Alaska, Geophys. J. Int. 170, 1165-1179.
        33. Funning G., B. E. Parsons, and T. J. Wright (2007).
          Fault slip in the 1997 Manyi, Tibet earthquake from linear elastic modelling of InSAR displacements, Geophys. J. Int., 169, 988-1008.
        34. Nissen E., B. Emmerson, G. Funning, A. Mistrukov, B. E. Parsons, D. Robinson, E. Roghozin, and T. J. Wright (2007).
          The 2003 Siberian earthquake: right-lateral strike-slip motion and clockwise rotations in the northern India-Eurasia collision zone, Geophys. J. Int., 169, 216-232.
        35. Nissen E., M. Ghorashi, J. Jackson, B.E. Parsons, and M. Talebian (2007).
          The 2005 Qeshm Island earthquake (Iran): a link between buried reverse faulting and surface folding in the Zagros Simply Folded Belt?, Geophys. J. Int., 171, 326-338.
        36. Ryder I., B.E. Parsons, T. J. Wright , and G. Funning (2007).
          Postseismic motion following the 1997 Manyi (Tibet) earthquake: InSAR observations and modeling, Geophys. J. Int., 169, 1009-1027.
        37. Biggs J., E. Bergman, B. Emmerson, G. Funning, J.A. Jackson, B.E. Parsons and T.J. Wright (2006).
          Fault identification in buried strike-slip earthquakes using InSAR: the 1994 and 2004 Al Hoceima, Morocco, earthquakes, Geophys. J. Int., 166, 1347-1362.
        38. Jackson J.A., M. Bouchon, E.J. Fielding, G. Funning, D. Ghorashi, D. Hatzfel, H. Nazari, B.E. Parsons, K. Priestley, M. Talebian, M. Tatar, R. Walker, and R. Walker (2006).
          Seismotectonic, rupture-process, and earthquake-hazard aspects of the 26 December 2003 Bam, Iran, earthquake, Geophys. J. Int., 166, 1270-1292.
        39. Parsons B.E., T. J. Wright, P. Rowe, J. Andrews, J.A. Jackson, R. Walker, M.M. Khatib, and M. Talebian (2006).
          The 1994 Sefidabeh (eastern Iran) earthquakes revisited: new evidence from satellite radar interferometry and carbonate dating about the growth of an active fold above a blind thrust fault, Geophys. J. Int., 164, 202-217.
        40. Pathier, E., Fielding, E.J., Wright, T.J., Walker, R., Parsons, B.E., Hensley, S. (2006).
          Displacement field and slip distribution of the 2005 Kashmir earthquake from SAR imagery, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L20310, 10.1029/2006GL027193.
        41. Talebian M., J. Biggs, M. Bolourchi, A. Copley, A. Ghassemi, M. Ghorashi, J. Hollingsworth, J.A. Jackson, E. Nissen, B. Oveisi, B.E. Parsons, and K. Priestley (2006).
          The Dahiuyeh (Zarand) earthquake of 2005 February 22 in central Iran: reactivation of an intramountain reverse fault, Geophys. J. Int., 164, 137-148.
        42. Funning G., R. Barke, S. Lamb, E. Minaya, B.E. Parsons and T.J Wright (2005).
          The 1998 Aiquile, Bolivia earthquake: a seismically active fault revealed with InSAR, Earth Planet Sci. Lett., 232, 39-49.
        43. Funning, G.J., B. Parsons, T.J. Wright, J.A. Jackson and E. J. Fielding (2005).
          Surface displacements and source parameters of the 2003 Bam (Iran) earthquake from Envisat Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar imagery, J. Geophys. Res., 110, B09406, doi:10.1029/2004JB003338.
        44. Nocquet J.-M., E. Calais, and B.E. Parsons (2005).
          Geodetic constraints on glacial isostatic adjustment in Europe, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L06308, doi:10.1029/2004GL022174.
        45. Fielding, E.J., T.J. Wright, J. Muller, B.E. Parsons and R. Walker (2004).
          Aseismic deformation of a fold-and-thrust belt imaged by synthetic aperture radar interferometry near Shahdad, southeast Iran, Geology, 32, 577-580, doi: 10.1130/G20452.1.
        46. Talebian, M., E.J. Fielding, G. Funning, M. Ghorashi, J.A. Jackson, H. Nazari, B.E. Parsons, K. Priestley, P.A. Rosen, R. Walker, and T.J. Wright (2004).
          The 2003 Bam (Iran) earthquake: Rupture of a blind strike-slip fault, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L11611, doi:10.1029/2004GL0200.
        47. Wright, T.J., B. Parsons, P.C. England and E.J. Fielding (2004).
          InSAR observations of low slip rates on the major faults of western Tibet, Science, 305, 236-239.
        48. Wright, T.J., B.E. Parsons, and Z. Lu (2004).
          Toward mapping surface deformation in three dimensions using InSAR, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L01607.
        49. Moore, M., P. England, and B. Parsons (2002).
          Relation between surface velocity field and shear wave splitting in the South Island of New Zealand, J. Geophys. Res., 107, 2198, doi:10.1029/2000JB000093.
        50. Berberian, M., C. Baker, E. Fielding, J. A. Jackson, B. E. Parsons, K. Priestley, M. Qorashi, M. Talebian, R. Walker and T. J. Wright (2001).
          The 14 March 1998 Fandoqa earthquake (Mw 6.6) in Kerman province, S. E. Iran: re-rupture of the 1981 Sirch earthquake fault, triggering of slip on adjacent thrusts, and the active tectonics of the Gowk fault zone, Geophys. J. Int., 146, 371-398.
        51. Wright, T., E. Fielding, and B. E. Parsons (2001).
          Triggered slip: observations of the 17 August 1999 Izmit (Turkey) earthquake using radar interferometry, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 1079-1082.
        52. Wright, T., B. Parsons, and E. J. Fielding (2001).
          Measurement of interseismic strain accumulation across the North Anatolian fault by satellite radar interferometry, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 1079-1082.
        53. Beavan, R. J., M. Moore, C. Pearson, M. Henderson, B. Parsons, S. Bourne, P. England, R. Walcott, G. Blick, D. Darby and K. Hodgkinson (1999).
          J. Geophys. Res., 104, 25,233-25,255.
        54. Wright, T. J., B. E. Parsons, J. A. Jackson, M. Haynes, E. J. Fielding, P. C. England, and P. J. Clarke (1999).
          Source parameters of the 1 October 1995 Dinar (Turkey) earthquake from SAR interferometry and seismic bodywave modelling, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 172, 23-37.
        55. Bourne, S. J., P. C. England and B. Parsons (1998).
          The motion of crustal blocks driven by flow of the lower lithosphere and implications for slip rates of continental strike-slip faults, Nature, 391, 655-659, 1998.
        56. Bourne, S. J., T. Árnadóttir, J. Beavan, D. J. Darby, P. C. England, B. Parsons, R. I. Walcott and P. R. Wood (1998).
          Crustal deformation of the Marlborough Fault Zone in the South Island of New Zealand: Geodetic constraints over the interval 1982-1994, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 30,147-30,165.
        57. Clarke, P. J., R. R. Davies, P. C. England, B. E. Parsons, H. Billiris, D. Paradissis, G. Veis, P. A. Cross, P. H. Denys, V. Ashkenazi, R. Bingley, H.-G. Kahle, M.-V. Muller and P. Briole (1998).
          Crustal strain in central Greece from repeated GPS measurements in the interval 1989-1997, Geophys. J. Int., 135, 195-214.
        58. Clarke, P. J., D. Paradissis, P. Briole, P. C. England, B. E. Parsons, H. Billiris, G. Veis and J.-C. Ruegg (1998).
          Reply to Comments on ” Geodetic investigation of the 13 May 1995 Kozani-Grevena earthquake” by Meyer et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 129-130.
        59. Hwang, C., E.-C. Kao and B. Parsons (1998).
          Global derivation of marine gravity anomalies from Seasat, Geosat, ERS-1 and TOPEX/POSEIDON altimeter data,Geophys. J. Int., 134 449-459.
        60. Searle, R. C., J. A. Keeton, R. B. Owens, R. S. White, R. Meckelnburgh, B. Parsons and S. M. Lee (1998).
          The Reykjanes Ridge: structure and tectonics of a hot-spot-influenced, slow-spreading ridge, from multibeam bathymetry, gravity and magnetic investigations, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 160, 463-478.
        61. Clarke, P. J., D. Paradissis, P. Briole, P. C. England, B. E. Parsons, H. Billiris, G. Veis and J.-C. Ruegg (1997).
          Geodetic investigation of the 13 May 1995 Kozani-Grevena earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 707-710.
        62. Clarke, P. J., R. R. Davies, P. C. England, B. E. Parsons, H. Billiris, D. Paradissis, G. Veis, P. H. Denys, P. A. Cross, V. Ashkenazi and R. Bingley (1997).
          Geodetic estimate of seismic hazard in the Gulf of Korinthos, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 1303-1306, 1997.
        63. Davies, R. R., P. C. England, B. Parsons, H. Billiris, D. Paradissis and G. Veis (1997).
          Geodetic strain of Greece in the interval 1892-1992, J. Geophys. Res.,102, 24,571-24,588.
        64. Keeton, J. A., R. C. Searle, B. Parsons, R. S. White, B. J. Murton, L. M. Parson, C. Peirce and M. C. Sinha (1997).
          Bathymetry of the Reykjanes Ridge, Mar. Geophys. Res., 19, 55-64.
        65. Hwang, C., and B. Parsons (1996).
          An optimal procedure for deriving marine gravity from multi-satellite altimetry, Geophys. J. Int., 125, 705-718.
        66. Cazenave, A., B. Parsons and P. Calgano (1995). Geoid lineations of 1000 km wavelength over the Central Pacific, Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 97-100.
        67. Hwang, C., and B. Parsons (1995).
          Gravity anomalies over the Reykjanes Ridge from Seasat, Geosat, ERS-1 and TOPEX/POSEIDON altimeter and ship gravity data, Geophys. J. Int., 122, 551-568.
        68. Moresi, L., and B. Parsons (1995).
          Interpreting gravity, geoid and topography for convection with temperature dependent viscosity: application to surface features on Venus, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 21,155-21,171.
        69. Hwang, C., B. Parsons, T. Strange and A. Bingham (1994).
          A detailed gravity field over the Reykjanes Ridge from Seasat, Geosat, ERS-1 and Topex/Poseidon altimeter data and shipborne gravity data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 2841-2844.
        70. Owens, R., and B. Parsons (1994).
          Gravity fields over mid-ocean ridges from Geosat GM data: variations as a function of spreading rate, Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 2837-2840.
        71. Goodwillie, A. M. and B. Parsons (1992).
          Placing bounds on lithospheric deformation in the central Pacific Ocean, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 111, 123-139.
        72. McKenzie, D., P. G. Ford, C. Johnson, B. Parsons, G. H. Pettengill, D. Sandwell, S. Saunders and S. C. Solomon (1992).
          Features on Venus generated by plate boundary processes, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 13,533-13,544.
        73. Billiris, H., D. Paradissis, G. Veis, P. England, W. Featherstone, B. Parsons, P. Cross, P. Rands, M. Rayson, P. Sellers, V. Ashkenazi, M. Davison, J. Jackson and N. Ambraseys (1991).
          Geodetic determination of tectonic deformation in central Greece from 1900 to 1988, Nature, 350, 124-129.
        74. Solomon, S. C., J. W. Head, W. M. Kaula, D. McKenzie, B. Parsons, R. J. Phillips, G. Schubert and M. Talwani (1991). Venus tectonics: initial analysis from Magellan, Science, 252, 297- 312.
        75. Freedman, A. P. and B. Parsons (1990).
          Geoid anomalies over two South Atlantic fracture zones, Earth. Planet. Sci. Lett., 100, 18-41.
        76. O’Nions, R. K. and B. Parsons (1989).
          Editors, Seismic Tomography and Mantle Circulation, pp. 152, The Royal Society, 1989.
        77. Abers, G. A., B. Parsons and J. K. Weissel (1988). Seamount abundances and distributions in the Southeast Pacific, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 87, 137-151.
        78. Driscoll, M., and B. Parsons (1988).
          Cooling of the oceanic lithosphere: evidence from geoid anomalies across the Udintsev and Eltanin fracture zones, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 88, 289-307.
        79. Robinson, E. M., and B. Parsons (1988).
          Effect of a shallow low-viscosity zone on the formation of mid-plate swells, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 3144-3156, 1988.
        80. Robinson, E. M., and B. Parsons (1988).
          Effect of a shallow low-viscosity zone on small-scale instabilities under the cooling oceanic plates, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 3469-3479, 1988.
        81. Robinson, E. M., B. Parsons and M. Driscoll (1988).
          The effect of a shallow low-viscosity zone on the mantle flow, the geoid anomalies, and the geoid and depth-age relationship at fracture zones, Geophys. J., 93, 25-43, 1988.
        82. Revenaugh, J., and B. Parsons (1987).
          Dynamic topography and gravity anomalies for fluid layers whose viscosity varies exponentially with depth, Geophys. J. R. astr. Soc., 90, 349-368.
        83. Robinson, E. M., B. Parsons, and S. F. Daly (1987).
          The effects of a low-viscosity zone on the apparent compensation of mid-plate swells, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 82, 335-348.
        84. Detrick, R. S., R. P. Von Herzen, B. Parsons, D. Sandwell and M. Dougherty (1986).
          Heat flow observations on the Bermuda Rise and thermal models of mid-plate swells, J. Geophys. Res., 81, 3701-3723.
        85. Freedman, A.P., and B. Parsons (1986).
          Seasat-derived gravity over the Musicians Seamounts, J. Geophys. Res., 91, 8325-8340.
        86. Jaupart, C., and B. Parsons (1985).
          Convective instabilities in a variable viscosity fluid cooled from above, Phys. Earth Planet. Int., 39, 14-32.
        87. Parsons, B. (1985).
          Mantle convection and the Earth’s gravity field, in Internal Geophysics and Space, pp. 111-158, Cepadues-Editions, Toulouse.
        88. Watts, A. B., D. P. McKenzie, B. Parsons and M. Roufosse (1985).
          The relationship between gravity and bathymetry in the Pacific Ocean, Geophys. J. R. astr. Soc., 83, 263-298.
        89. Parsons, B. and S. Daly (1983).
          The relationship between surface topography, gravity anomalies, and the temperature structure of convection, J. Geophys. Res., 88, 1129-1144.
        90. Le Douaran, S. and B. Parsons (1982). A note on the correction of ocean floor depths for sediment loading, J. Geophys. Res., 87, 4715-4722.
        91. Parsons, B. (1982).
          Causes and consequences of the relation between area and age of the ocean floor, J. Geophys. Res., 87, 289-302.
        92. Royden, L. and B. Parsons (1982).
          A comparison of discrete and continuous intrusion models for the thermal structure of the plates, Geophys. J. R. astr. Soc., 70, 741-753.
        93. Zlotniki, V., B. Parsons and C. Wunsch (1982).
          The inverse problem of constructing a gravimetric geoid, J. Geophys. Res., 87, 1835-1848.
        94. Parsons, B. (1981).
          The rates of plate creation and consumption, Geophys. J. R. astr. Soc., 67, 437-448.
        95. Parsons, B. and F. M. Richter (1981).
          Mantle convection and the oceanic lithosphere, Volume 7 of `The Sea’, `The Oceanic Lithosphere’, ed. C. Emiliani, pp. 73-117, John Wiley ans Sons, New York.
        96. Sclater, J. G., B. Parsons and C. Jaupart (1981).
          Oceans and continents: similarities and differences in the mechanisms of heat loss, J. Geophys. Res., 86, 11,535-11,552.
        97. Sclater, J. G., R. L. Fisher, P. Patriat, C. Tapscott and B. Parsons (1981).
          Eocene to Recent development of the Southeast Indian Ridge, a consequence of the evolution of the Indian Ocean Triple Junction, Geophys. J. R. astr. Soc., 64, 587-604.
        98. Sinha, M. C., K. E. Louden and B. Parsons (1981).
          The crustal structure of the Madagascar Ridge, Geophys. J. R. astr. Soc., 66, 351-377.
        99. McKenzie, D., A. Watts, B. Parsons and M. Roufosse (1980).
          The planform of mantle convection beneath the Pacific Ocean, Nature, 288 442-446.
        100. Parsons, B. and F. M. Richter (1980).
          A relation between the driving force and geoid anomaly associated with mid-ocean ridges, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 51, 445-450.
        101. Tapscott, C. P., P. Patriat, J. G. Sclater, R. L. Fisher, H. Hoskins and B. Parsons (1980).
          The Indian Ocean Triple Junction, J. Geophys. Res., 85, 4723-4739.
        102. Simpson, E. S. W., J. G. Sclater, B. Parsons, I. Norton and L. Meinke (1979).
          Mesozoic magnetic lineations in the Mozambique basin, Earth Planet Sci. Lett., 43, 260-264.
        103. Parsons, B. and D. McKenzie (1978).
          Mantle convection and the thermal structure of the plates, J. Geophys. Res., 83, 4485-4496.
        104. Whitehead, J. A. and B. Parsons (1978).
          Observations of convection at Rayleigh numbers up to 760,000 in a fluid with large Prandtl number, Geophys. Astrophys. Fluid Dynamics, 9, 201- 217.
        105. Parsons, B. and J. G. Sclater (1977).
          An analysis of the variation of ocean floor depth and heat flow with age, J. Geophys. Res., 82, 803-827.
        106. Parsons, B. and P. Molnar (1976).
          The origin of outer topographic rises associated with trenches, Geophys. J. R. astr. Soc., 45, 707-712.
        107. Sclater, J. G. and B. Parsons (1976).
          Reply to comments on `Comparison of long wavelength residual elevation and free air gravity anomalies in the North Atlantic and possible implications for the thickness of the lithospheric plate’, J. Geophys. Res., 81, 4960-4964.
        108. Richter, F. M. and B. Parsons (1975).
          On the interaction of two scales of convection in the mantle, J. Geophys. Res., 80, 2529-2541.
        109. Sclater, J. G., L. A. Lawver and B. Parsons (1975).
          Comparison of long wavelength residual elevation anomalies in the North Atlantic and possible implications for the thickness of the lithospheric plate, J. Geophys. Res., 80, 1031-1053.